What is Area Border Router?
An Area Border Router (ABR) is a type of router that connects different areas, or networks, within an Autonomous System (AS). An AS is a group of networks under the same administrative control. When an AS contains multiple areas, it is said to be a multi-area network.
Area Border Routers are responsible for exchanging routing information between the different areas within an AS. They also provide a point of connection between the AS and other ASs.
What is the Role of the Area Border Router in OSPF?
The Area Border Router plays a critical role in the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) routing protocol. OSPF is a link-state routing protocol that is used to find the best path between two devices on a network.
Area Border Routers are responsible for creating and maintaining the link state database. This database contains information about the topology of the AS.
Area Border Routers use this information to calculate the best path between two devices on the network. They then send this information to the other routers in the AS so that they can update their own routing tables.
Area Border Routers also play a key role in inter-area routing. When a router in one area needs to send a packet to a router in another area, it will send the packet to the Area Border Router. The Area Border Router will then route the packet to the appropriate next hop.
Without Area Border Routers, routing between areas would not be possible.
Benefits of Area Border Router
Area Border Routers provide a number of benefits to an AS.
- They allow for the exchange of routing information between different areas. This ensures that all devices in the AS have the most up-to-date information about the network.
- Area Border Routers provide a point of connection between the AS and other ASs. This allows for the exchange of routing information between ASs.
- Area Border Routers play a key role in inter-area routing. Without them, routing between areas would not be possible.
Area Border Routers are an essential part of any AS that contains multiple areas. They play a vital role in the operation of the network and provide numerous benefits.
Which LSA is generated by the Area Border Router?
The LSA which is generated by the area border router is Type 5 LSA. This LSA contains the list of all the ASBRs in the OSPF domain. The information carried out in this LSA is used by the ABR to construct the AS-external routing table. The router ID of the ASBR is carried in this LSA. The Type 5 LSA is flooded throughout the entire OSPF domain. LSA 5 represent in the routing table as O E1.
What is the relation of ABR with the Stub Area?
The ABR is responsible for summarizing the reachability information of the stub area and advertising it to the other areas in the OSPF domain. The ABR also filters out Type 5 LSAs originating from ASBRs located in the stub area. This ensures that only summary LSA are propagated from a stub area. The ABR is also responsible for creating a default route toward the stub area.